Tickets on sale Vistor Info What's New Shop Search the site FAQ Links Details for the enthusiast How you can join in or help us Contacts Navigate
Bluebell Railway Preservation Society web site Bluebell Railway web site
Donate to the Paving the Way appeal

latest Current Infrastucture News
Archive of Infrastucture News: 2013-14 - 2015-16 - 2017 - 2018 - 2019 - 2020 - 2021-22
Archive Reports: Northern Extension Project - Permanent Way and Lineside News (2007-2011) - P-Way News (2002-4)
The Queen's Award for Voluntary Service Email Newsletter

Bluebell Railway Infrastructure News
2020 Archive

Autumn Engineering work - Palmers Bridge replacement 2020

Moving cill casting - Bruce Healey - 1 October 2020 The reconstruction of Palmers Bridge, at the foot of Freshfield Bank, started with the creation of reinforced concrete sections. The bridge was built for double track, but only one side had ever been used. The other side had been fenced off as it was not maintained. Now, as well as renewing the running half, the remainder was also to be reconstructed, to provide safe access alongside the running line. Bruce Healey's photos show the preparation for the bridge work.

In preparation for the replacement of Palmers Bridge, seven panels of track were re-laid on 5 October, and the panels recovered to complete the track inside OP4. Completion of the track outside OP4 to connect up H road was provided by the second Palmers Bridge re-lay in November when the running side of Palmers Bridge was replaced.

Andy Palmer's timelapse video of Palmers bridge reconstruction (YouTube)

Andy Palmer's timelapse video shows the entire bridge reconstruction.

Installing lintel - Bruce Healey - 30 September 2020 Palmers bridge - Bruce Healey - 1 October 2020

ASH buffer stops - 2020

Installation of bufferstops in Locomotive Shed - Mike Hopps - 2020 Mike Hopps' report covers the installation during 2020 of three new dismantlable low-depth buffer stops to protect the exhibition area of the ASH (Accessible Steam Heritage) exhibition SteamWorks! from rail vehicle movements in the loco yard and running shed.

You can read the full report here (pdf).

Installation of bufferstops in Locomotive Shed Report (PDF)


Corrective track works to reopen the line to East Grinstead - October 2020

Re-Laying track - October 2020 Track drainage problems between Kingscote and East Grinstead, in the Eye Hospital area, began to be identified during 2019 by routine Track Patrols and following this a detailed inspection of the area was undertaken. It was discovered that there was some damage to the geotextile membrane below the track, and that this had been caused by tamper tines which had punctured the material in numerous places over a length of approximately 120m.

Under passing traffic during the very wet Autumn and Winter of 2019 clay began pumping up into the ballast, which in turn led to voiding under the sleepers and a rapid decline in track quality, resulting in a short 3 Metre Track Twist. Due to the severity of the twist fault and to protect Safety of the Line the Infrastructure Manager took the decision to block the line until corrective works could be undertaken.

You can read the report on how this emergency track re-laying was undertaken here (pdf).

Track Re-Lay Report (PDF)

Heritage Fund


This project was made possible by a grant from the National Lottery Heritage Fund Emergency Grant Scheme. This scheme provided up to 250,000 to sustain heritage organisations during the Coronavirus Pandemic.

The Bluebell Railway was pleased to receive a grant for the maximum amount.

Line-side vegetation clearance to enable the line to re-open - August 2020

Lineside Clearance - August 2020 The first Covid lockdown in March 2020 resulted in the temporary closure of the railway, not only to the public but also to all staff and volunteers. This was the first time in our history that anything like this had happened, fortunately though by the end of June the Lock Down began to be relaxed so plans were made for an initial track and lineside inspection to cover the whole of the railway.

From the start of these inspections it became immediately apparent that the exceptionally wet winter of 2019/2020, followed by the consistently hot weather from the start of April 2020, had encouraged nature to do its best to take over and reclaim the railway.

Due to the vast amount of vegetation growth we had to employ an enhanced mechanised clearance recovery scheme, employing additional paid contractors, to ensure that we would be ready to reopen to the public once Covid restrictions allowed.

You can read the full report here (pdf).

Line-side vegetation clearance Report (PDF)

Heritage Fund


This project was made possible by a grant from the National Lottery Heritage Fund Emergency Grant Scheme. This scheme provided up to 250,000 to sustain heritage organisations during the Coronavirus Pandemic.

The Bluebell Railway was pleased to receive a grant for the maximum amount.

Re-Laying A-road points - Bruce Healey - 19 August 2020

Horsted Keynes Down Yard
August 2020

Bruce Healey's photo shows the infrastructure team re-laying A-road points in the rain on 19 August 2020.

Work resumed on OP4 cladding - Infrastructure teams return - July 2020

Heritage Skills Centre and OP4 - Richard Salmon - 25 June 2020 Our contractors were on site again post-lockdown in mid-June to complete the task of cladding the walls around the OP4 carriage shed and adjacent Heritage Skills Centre at Horsted Keynes. A volunteer team look forward to when they are allowed to return to the works in order to progress the fit-out of the Trim Shop.

Richard Salmon's photos from 25 June show the external cladding now all but complete. The fence-line alongside the shed will be replaced, with an internal pathway provided along the outside of the shed.

North end of the OP4 storage shed - Richard Salmon - 25 June 2020 North end of the maintenance area of OP4 - Richard Salmon - 25 June 2020

The first post-lockdown tasks for Infrastructure were to inspect the line and carry out some vegetation clearance since in places brambles were reaching the line.

Completing the track in OP4 is dependent on using the old concrete-sleepered track which will be lifted (hopefully in September) from around Palmer's Cattle Creep, hence the plan of using the space in the shed for constructing the reinforced concrete sections for the replacement bridge.

Below is a brief report and four photos from Bruce Healey.

Sill section being moved out of the shed - Bruce Healey - 15 July 2020 The first concrete castings for the bridge replacement were lifted from their moulds in mid July to allow preparation for casting the next set.

In poor lighting conditions, the larger sill section is being transported out of OP4. All sections were cast pre-lockdown.

One of three main span sections - Bruce Healey - 15 July 2020The first bridge span casting is also ready to be moved. The estimated weight is 8 tonnes. Two more similar castings are needed and there will also be two side castings. The ends of these sections rest on the sills which go across each end of the embankments at right angles to the track. The "S" indicates south end.

Below, the sill sections are being readied for loading onto the road-railer trailer. The sill has been cast in 2 sections, the shorter one (weighing a bit over 3 tonnes) is to be placed where the second running line would be if we had one and the longer one (weighing a bit under 5 tonnes) goes under the running line. Another similar pair need to be cast for the other side of the bridge.

Back in OP4 still in poor lighting conditions, the sill moulds have the sides and ends replaced in preparation for the next casting. The 2 sill sections are cast together in the single mould.

Sill sections ready for loading - Bruce Healey - 15 July 2020 Mould being prepared for casting of next sill sections - Bruce Healey - 15 July 2020

  Sunday Gang members at Vaux End - Dave Bowles - 26 July 2020

This photo, by Dave Bowles, records that the Sunday PW gang were out for the second time on 26 July 2020. One gang, north of West Hoathly, were greasing fish plates and the second gang (pictured) were fettling the track alignment at Vaux End. P-way and lineside work are some of the easier jobs to do whilst maintaining social distancing, outdoors.

Wednesday Gang South near Sloop Bridge - Deborah Carver - 1 July 2020

The lineside clearance volunteers of our Wednesday Gang (South) have been back at work for a few weeks now, and are seen in Deborah Carver's photo working near Sloop Bridge on 1 July.

Horsted House Farm Crossing - 12 February 2020

This report, from Bruce Healey, details track re-laying work being done at Horsted House Farm Crossing, just north of Horsted Keynes.

Closing the gap, looking north - Bruce Healey - 12 February 2020 Work started on re-laying ten 60-foot track panels on Wednesday 5 February. This spot was chosen for two reasons. Firstly, the foot crossing needed replacing and secondly, the Temporary Speed Restriction (TSR) could be shortened. Whereas the recently completed re-lay in the cutting at Three Arch Bridge went extremely smoothly, this had a few challenges.

Matt Crawford always allows sufficient time to address unexpected snags and we found one. Normally, track that is above the level of the surrounding land is self draining and so does not require terram/polythene/terram underlay. In the area of the crossing, the formation was found to be unexpectedly wet and so the decision was taken to underlay this part of the line.

The wet ground required investigation and a collapsed drain under the formation was found. Two cross drains were put in to replace the blocked one. Yet further investigation found a previously unknown catch-pit which appears to drain the neighbouring farm, this had been completely covered with soil and was blocked. An existing ditch was extended and the offending drain rodded out. The land now appears to be draining properly.

The first photo shows the gap about to be closed. In the foreground is the extended ditch at the far end of which is the newly rediscovered catch-pit. The water in the ditch was previously seeping into the area of the formation. This view is looking north from the crossing.
Relaid line looking south - Bruce Healey - 12 February 2020 Both sides of the foot crossing have had been given a good bed of used ballast.

As of Wednesday 12th, the track has been relaid, the ballasting is nearly complete and tamping scheduled. We are still within the allotted timescale.

One feature to look out for when the foot crossing has been completed will be recovered and donated South Eastern Railway 'kissing gate' which is in a very similar style to the LB&SCR equivalent.

This photo shows the relaid line looking south. The rails for the transition track panel are in the '4 foot'. The rubber 'Bomac' panels at the foot crossing are only temporarily in place; they were removed for ballasting. 'Shoulders' of used ballast were added later to give as level as possible pedestrian experience.

When joining flat bottomed rail to bullhead, we use a 30 foot flat bottomed transition panel. Special fishplates are required.
As seen in the first photo below, the final two sleepers are wooden to ease the passage to the existing wooden sleepered bullhead panel.

The final photo shows our Signal & Telecoms volunteers fitting the track-circuit bonding wires.

Transition panel - Bruce Healey - 12 February 2020 S&T bonding - Bruce Healey - 12 February 2020

OP4 Progress - 7 February 2020

Heritage Skills Centre - Barry Luck - 7 February 2020

An update on the Operation Undercover Phase 4 (OP4) project at Horsted Keynes, with thanks to Barry Luck.

With the fitting of the windows and doors to both floors of the Heritage Skills Centre (HSC), its external appearance has changed dramatically. The most significant element is that the building is now weather-proof (right), and we can progress with the interior fitting out.

The first floor rear wall was substantially complete before Christmas, with a single bay left open. This is so that we can use machinery to lift the heavy sheet materials up to first floor level (first photo below) - there is no other easy way of doing this, unless we carry 8x4 sheets up the stairs when fitted (any volunteers?). With some additional assistance from the Trust we have sufficient funds for the first floor materials, and the completion of the first floor rear wall. Once this is complete we will be able to lay the remaining track in the last two roads, H and J.

On the ground floor we are assembling a small team of volunteers to commence fit out of the trim shop and moquette store (second photo below). We are very grateful for the recent donation which is sufficient to purchase the necessary materials.

Heritage Skills Centre First Floor - Barry Luck - 7 February 2020 Heritage Skills Centre Ground Floor - Barry Luck - 7 February 2020

The cladding contract is making steady progress, with the west side of the shed complete apart from a couple of minor snags, and work has started, as seen below, on the southern end of the shed.

As ever, I am very grateful for the continuing donations which enable this project to progress.

      Barry Luck OP4 Project Manager (Infrastructure)

Cladding progressing on the South end of OP4 - Barry Luck - 7 February 2020

Finishing one re-lay, starting another... - 6 February 2020

Track re-laying within sight of Horsted Keynes - Jon Goff - 31 January 2020A full report of the completion of the work at Three Arch Bridge to the south of Horsted Keynes is awaited, but Jon Goff's photo on the right (taken on 31 January) shows a line of dropped ballast ready for ploughing and tamping on the "extra" panels laid (in bullhead rail) at the north end of the re-lay, and also shows just how close the end of the job is to Horsted Keynes.
Video of track north of Horsted - Jon Goff - February 2020 Horsted House Crossing Track Re-Lay: The next piece of track to be re-laid will be a short section that joins onto the November re-lay north of Leamland. It will be 200 yards long and extends the new track north of Horsted to about 50 yards past Horsted House Farm foot crossing. It will also take another 200 yards off the Temporary Speed Limit (TSR) that currently extends up to Vaux End. Jon Goff's short video was taken on a phone and is from the cab of the 09 running up to the crossing. It bounces around quite a bit anyway when running light engine and this amplifies the effects of the dipped joints etc., causing the camera shake but clearly shows up the difference between the new and the old track.

The crossing will also be fully renewed together with the eventual replacement of the styles with a kissing gate. This was due to start yesterday if the remaining required sleepers arrived as expected.

Three Arch re-lay: Middle of third week - 22 January 2020

The new rail extends well beyond 3 Arch Bridge - Bruce Healey - 22 January 2020

This report, from Bruce Healey and Brian Kidman, is a brief midweek update from the track re-laying project at Three Arch (Nobles) Bridge, just south of Horsted Keynes.

By the morning of Wednesday 22nd, the track re-lay extended well under 3 Arch Bridge and was only 6 track panels short of the end point. By the end of the day, the remaining old rail had been removed, the trackbed levelled and compacted and the sleepers laid for one of the remaining panels.

We expect to have the track joined up by Friday with ballasting on Monday and Tuesday. After that there will be tamping and a site clear-up.

Bruce Healey's photo on the right was taken early on Wednesday morning. The new rail extends well beyond 3 Arch Bridge. By the bridge, our Signals & Telecoms volunteers are working at a lineside cabinet, with the Wednesday line-side clearance gang further on.

In recent weeks the Wednesday Gang (North) has been working alongside Matt Crawford's re-lay team at Three Arch and, of course, they've been taking a keen interest in proceedings. The first photo below, from Brian Kidman, shows a general view looking south, with WG members working close to a major spring, one of several uncovered during this work. The cut-out at the foot of the bank shows the location where significant water flow has been channelled into the newly laid French drain (not visible as the cess has been backfilled and levelled). The presence of these springs explains the poor condition of the track formation through this cutting, which should not now be a problem in future.

Brian's second photo (taken from Three Arch Bridge) shows the extent of the new railhead at lunchtime on Wednesday, with old track being lifted in the distance and 6 new panels remaining to be laid.

Wednesday Gang (North) in 3 Arch Cutting - Brian Kidman - 22 January 2020 Railhead at lunchtime - Brian Kidman - 22 January 2020

Brian Kidman's third photo is included below to show the quality of workmanship being carried out by Matt's team. The new French drain has been installed in the left ('up') side cess and backfilled with ballast; the formation has then been levelled and compacted to a billiard-table flat and even finish, enabling concrete sleepers to be accurately positioned to the painted line just visible on the right, before new rail is laid, plated and clipped, ready for new top ballast to be dropped in the next few days, and lifted a couple of inches by the tamper. Impressively, the new track alignment through the cutting is absolutely straight!We finish this report with another photo from Bruce Healey, taken after lunch on Wednesday 22nd. The final old rails have been removed, and the photo was taken prior to levelling and compacting.

New track - Brian Kidman - 22 January 2020 The old rails removed - Bruce Healey - 22 January 2020

Three Arch re-lay: End of the second week - 17 January 2020

Over half the track laid - Jon Goff - 17 January 2020

Jon Goff's report covers the period 11-17 January 2020, the second week of the track re-laying project through the very wet cutting at Three Arch (Nobles) Bridge.

Three Arch re-lay - Week 2 - Report 17 January 2020 (PDF)


The photo on the right shows progress as at the end of Friday 17 January, taken from the top of the bridge just before we stopped putting out sleepers. Track has been laid just past the half way point, with 16 of the 29 panels put down and most of the sleepers put out for the 17th panel.

OP4 Report - mid-January 2020

Barry Luck, the OP4 project manager, reports that the recent very wet weather has not helped, but work has nevertheless progressed with the new carriage shed extension and Heritage Skills Centre (HSC) at Horsted Keynes.

Inside the carriage shed, the infrastructure team completed another length of tramway adjacent to E-road before Christmas.

On the outside the cladding work is progressing and with a fair wind should be completed by the end of February. The first skin of grey insulated cladding is complete all around the structure, apart from the northern faces, where the support rails are currently being fitted (first photo below). The second layer of yellow cladding is similarly complete apart from the southern, gable end of the shed (second photo below).

Northern face with support rails for cladding - Barry Luck - 9 December 2019 Southern face with first layer of cladding - Barry Luck - 5 December 2019

Exterior of the HSC - Barry Luck - 17 January 2020 As seen in the photo on the right, the ground floor windows and doors were fitted during the first week of January, and the first floor windows will be fitted w/c 27 January.Inside the HSC the first floor joists and floor are in place (first photo below).

The first floor rear wall studwork is complete apart from one bay which has been left open (second photo) to facilitate the delivery of sheeting materials for the first floor studwork, and another on the ground for temporary access.

The next stage will be to complete the insulation and sheeting on the carriage shed side of this rear wall which will enable us to lay the final two roads (H and J) in the shed, ready to hand over to C&W to complete the shunting of vehicles under cover.

Interior of first floor of HSC - Barry Luck - 17 January 2020 HSC rear wall from inside the carriage shed - Barry Luck - 17 January 2020

Interior of the ground floor of the HSC - Barry Luck - 17 January 2020  

The completion of the first floor rear wall and the fitting of the windows and doors will completely enclose the HSC, and open the way to the next stage of the project, fitting out the HSC (the ground floor of which is seen on the left).

As ever, I am very grateful for the continuing donations which enable this project to progress.

      Barry Luck OP4 Project Manager (Infrastructure)       16 January 2020

End of week 1 - 10 January 2020 - Into the cutting

Further to Wednesday's photos from Bruce Healey showing the first 100 yards relaid, this update shows progress over the following two days, with thanks to Jon Goff.

Work in the cutting at full swing - Jon Goff - 10 January 2020 By Friday 10 January a large amount of groundwork had been completed in preparation for the next section of track. The photo on the right includes that first 100 yards visible in front of the road railer (in the top right corner) standing on the last panel re-laid last year.

Drainage is exceptionally important in any civil engineering project and track laying at Bluebell is no different. It is a subject that is invisible to and not realized by many if not most people. Here at Three Arch Bridge we are installing a new French drain on the west side of the line and several cross drains feeding into it. In addition, after ploughing out as much good ballast as possible and levelling and compaction the surface, a waterproof membrane, sandwiched between layers of Terram, is being laid under the main ballast layer. This will prevent water and clay pumping up under the sleepers in the future, which is a problem well known in this area as well as thousands of network rail locations. The photo above was taken halfway up the side of the cutting above the 10 1/4 mile post looking south at the first half of the re-lay and shows the groundwork in full swing.

The next photo (below) looks north, and shows the first cross drain being laid in at the south end of the cutting. It shows Matt Crawford treading down the pipe while Bob (the builder) places some of the reclaimed ballast over it. Darren is driving the laser dozer levelling ballast in the middle distance. Next to it is a photo of one example of the reason for all the drainage work; one of several springs dribbling water into the new ditch.

First cross-drain - Jon Goff - 10 January 2020 A natural spring runs into the new ditch - Jon Goff - 10 January 2020

When the Victorians dug out the cutting, they cut through several small natural aquifers, generating springs in the cutting sides. Clearly the drain on the east side was inadequate which is why so much clay pumps up over the sleepers in this area. The new ditch, in which will be the French drain (pipe covered with ballast) should prevent this from happening in the future and give us a much more stable track bed.

Looking north to the rest of the job - Jon Goff - 10 January 2020


Turning around, the other end of the job can be seen where the sleeper piles stop beyond the bridge, 26 panels from the start, although we now intend to go another 100 yards beyond that making 620 yards in total and a little way into the final curve into Horsted Keynes. The new ditch can be seen stopping at the lineside phone which will have to be moved temporally for the ditch to continue. [Update - 23 January - the plan now is to lay 29 panels, so an additional 60 yards compared to that reported here].

Week 1 - 8 January 2020: Winter close-down activities

Report and photos from Bruce Healey after the first week of our January maintenance period (as of Wednesday 8 January). Services are scheduled to re-start for the February Half Term week.

First six panels - Bruce Healey - 8 January 2020 During the winter close-down, Infrastructure are re-laying up to 26 sixty foot track panels in the cutting at Three Arch Bridge. So far the weather has been unseasonably warm and mostly dry. We started from the south end connecting to a section of previously re-laid track. The first 6 panels are on embankment and had been re-laid by Wednesday lunchtime (as seen in the photo on the right).

The remaining section is in cutting and requires terram/polythene/terram underlay draining into a new drainage ditch on the west side. The ditch has been completed up to the bridge and by the end of Wednesday a further length of old track had been removed and preparation of the trackbed was well under way.

Drilling holes for the fishplates - Bruce Healey - 8 January 2020 The 60 foot panels are cut in half - Bruce Healey - 8 January 2020

Half panel being craned out - Bruce Healey - 8 January 2020  

These three photos show, above drilling holes for the fishplates, and then two showing the removal the old panels. In the second photo above, the first step (after removing fishplates) is to cut the 60 foot panels in half, and then as seen on the left, the half-panel is craned out to be transported off site and dismantled at a later date.

Operation Undercover Phase 4

The first photo below shows a project completed at Horsted Keynes before Christmas by the Infrastructure team. The extension of the tram road in OP4 adjacent to E-road provides a further area to be used for servicing bogies and wheelsets. This concreting adjacent to the divide between the maintenance workshop and storage part of OP4 is also a pre-requisite for construction of the fire-wall.

Finally, John Sandys' photo, taken on 9 January, shows progress with the ground floor windows and doors of the Heritage Skills Centre (part of OP4) being installed by our building contractor.

OP4 tramway extension - Richard Salmon - 11 January 2020 OP4 Heritage Skills Centre - John Sandys - 9 January 2020
splash The Queen's Award for Voluntary Service
Return to BRPS Home Page, to the Timetable or to Special Events
latest Current Infrastucture News
Archive of Infrastucture News: 2013-14 - 2015-16 - 2017 - 2018 - 2019 - 2020 - 2021-22
Archive Reports: Northern Extension Project - Permanent Way and Lineside News (2007-2011) - P-Way News (2002-4)

Visitor Info. - Museum - Trust - Catering - Contacts - What's New - Projects - Locos - Carriages & Wagons - Signals - History - Other - Links - Search - FAQ
Why not become a BRPS Member?     -     Get more involved as a Volunteer

Your ideal Film/TV location?

Valid HTML 4.0 Transitional! Page maintained by Richard Salmon
© Copyright BRPS.             Privacy Policy